Insufficient Infrastructure and Political Turmoil Impede Food Exports Boosting agricultural production stands as a crucial objective for countries aspiring to foster economic growth, ensuring not only domestic food security but also augmenting national incomes. Developed nations like those in Western Europe, Canada, and the United States boast extensive fertile lands, consistently cultivated, and a well-maintained infrastructure, including advanced road networks for efficient transportation of agricultural goods. In stark contrast, countries such as Libya and the Central African Republic faced significant challenges, ranking among the lowest globally in food export value in 2014. Here, we delve into the distinctive challenges posed by various environments in terms of food production and export.
Political Turmoil In The Central African Republic
The Central African Republic, classified as one of the world’s least developed countries, grapples with pervasive poverty and political instability. Half of its national GDP is derived from the agricultural sector, with primary food products including peanuts, millet, maize, plantains, cassava, sorghum, and sesame. The country exports major cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and coffee, while timber constitutes 16% of its export income. The diamond industry plays a pivotal role, contributing a substantial 54% to total exports.
Despite the challenging conditions, the Central African Republic experienced a modest economic uptick in 2014. This improvement occurred despite underdeveloped labor markets and lax enforcement of labor policies. The positive momentum can be attributed to the restoration of a critical road corridor linking the capital and largest city, Bangui, facilitating transport and commercial transactions with Douala in Cameroon. Anticipated further progress in the coming years hinges on improving security and enhancing foreign relations.
Two Countries Combine To Depict A Global Picture
In both instances, significant internal factors contribute to the low export levels of food products. In Libya, the prioritization of more economically lucrative prospects over agriculture stems from challenging environmental conditions, prompting a shift away from emphasizing agricultural pursuits. Meanwhile, in the Central African Republic, the combination of inadequate infrastructure and political instability creates limited avenues for exporting agricultural goods, despite the sector being a predominant source of employment. These cases offer a comprehensive understanding of the prevalent factors leading nations to attain the distinction of the lowest values in food exports.